Surya (सूर्य) means the Sun in India. Surya is also known as Aditya, Arka, Bhanu, Savitr, Pushan, Ravi, Martanda, Mitra and Vivasvan in ancient Indian literature.
Surya also connotes the solar deity in Hinduism, particularly in the Saura tradition found in states such as Rajasthan, Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, Bihar, Uttar Pradesh, Jharkhand and Odisha. He is one of the five deities considered as equivalent aspects and means to realizing Brahman in the Smarta Tradition. His iconography is often depicted riding a chariot harnessed by horses, often seven in number which represent the seven colour rays of the rainbow. In medieval Hinduism, Surya is also an epithet for the major Hindu gods Shiva and Vishnu. In some ancient texts and arts, Surya is presented syncretically with Indra, Ganesha or others. Surya as a deity is also found in the arts and literature of Buddhism and Jainism.
Surya is one of the nine heavenly houses (Navagraha) in the zodiac system of Hindu astrology. Surya or Ravi is the basis of Ravivara, or Sunday, in the Hindu calendar. Major festivals and pilgrimages in reverence of Surya include Makar Sankranti, Pongal and Kumbh Mela.
भगवान सूर्यदेव की पूजा के दौरान इस मंत्र को पढ़ते हुए उन्हें दीप दर्शन कराना चाहिए-
साज्यं च वर्ति सं बह्निणां योजितं मया |
दीप गृहाण देवेश त्रैलोक्य तिमिरा पहम् ||
Saajyam Ch Varti Sam Bahninaam Yojitam Maya |
Deep Grihaan Devesh Trailokya Timira Paham ||
व्यवसाय में वृद्धि करने के लिए सूर्य देव के इस मंत्र का जाप करना चाहिए:
ऊँ घृणिः सूर्य आदिव्योम।।
Om ghrinh surya adivyoma.
अपनी सभी मनोकामनाओं की पूर्ति के लिए सूर्य देव के इस मंत्र का जाप करना चाहिए:
ऊँ हृां हृीं सः
Om hiram hrim sah